Ruth Bader Ginsburg

After appointment by President Bill Clinton, on August 10, 1993 Ruth Joan Bader Ginsburg became the second female justice after Sandra D O’Connor. A native New Yorker like other current members of the U.S. Supreme Court, Ruth Joan Bader Ginsburg was born March 15, 1933 in Brooklyn. Initially starting her career at Harvard Law School, Ginsburg later transferred to Columbia Law School, graduating in 1959.

Institutionalized sex-based discrimination helped frame the bulk of Ginsburg’s legal career after routine denial of opportunities considerably befitting her skill and ability only to face opposition due to her gender. This continued rejection from law firms and even the opportunity for Supreme Court clerkship helped lay the foundations of what were to become the Women’s Rights Project of the American Civil Liberties Union, which she cofounded.

Thanks in part to her stellar litigation in several landmark cases regarding gender based discrimination including Reed v. Reed and Weinberger v. Weinsenfield, President Jimmy Carter nominated Ginsburg to the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia, to take the seat of Harold Leventhal. From 1980 until 1993, Ruth Bader Ginsburg served there until President Bill Clinton nominated her for the United States Supreme Court, to replace retiring Justice Byron White, where she currently serves.